Pradhan Mantri Gram Sarak Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched at the fag end of 2000-01. The primary objective of this Yojana is to provide connectivity, by way of all weather road (with necessary culverts and cross drainage structures which is operable throughout the year), to the unconnected habitations in the rural areas, in such a way that habitations with a population of 1000 persons and above are covered in 3 years (2000-03) and all unconnected habitations with a population of 500 persons and above by the end of 10th Plan period (2007). In respect of hill areas, the objective would be to connect habitations with a population of 250 persons and above. The PMGSY will permit the upgradation of the existing roads in those districts where all the habitations of the above population size have been provided all weather road connectivity. However, the spirit and objective is to provide good all weather road connectivity to the unconnected habitations and as such it is required to be ensured that the provision of new connectivity is given precedence in keeping with the objectives of the programme.
New connectivity implies construction of roads from the earthwork stage to the desired specifications (Rural Roads Manual – IRC SP: 20:2002) and would, therefore, invariably involve some earth work. Existing gravel or WBM roads will not qualify to be treated as works of new connectivity even where they involve some earth work by way of widening of the carriage way or road formation. Work on a road which only has earthwork (and not a gravel road) will be treated as a case of new connectivity. The primary focus of the PMGSY is to provide all weather road connectivity to the unconnected habitations and all weather road is one which is negotiable during all weathers. This implies that the road bed is drained effectively by adequate cross drainage structures such as culverts, minor bridges and cause ways. The pavement should be negotiable during all weathers but this does not necessarily imply that it should be paved or surfaced or black topped.